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Lemur leaf frog (Hylomantis lemur)

Lemur leaf frog
Lemur leaf frogLemur leaf frog

Personal Information
There is one male lemur leaf frog at the Zoo. Both nocturnal and elusive, he can be found resting on the undersides of leaves or adhered to the glass in the exhibit. By day lemur leaf frogs appear green, but at night, they become more red.

Status in the Wild
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List status: Critically endangered. The survival of the lemur leaf frog is now dependent on human efforts to sustain the species. The decline has been most severe in Costa Rica and Panama. Most of the population decline is due to chytrid fungus, a pathogen which causes chytridiomycosis.

The lemur leaf frog can be found in Central and Southern America, including Panama, Columbia and Costa Rica. They prefer to live in rainforests where rainfall is plentiful.

Lemur leaf frogs are carnivores. They eat very small insects and invertebrates.

  • The name lemur derives from this frog’s resemblance to the lemurs of Madagascar.
  • The skin color of the lemur tree frog changes with the frog’s activity level. Light green indicates resting and darker green with red spots indicates higher activity.
  • Lemur leaf frogs will lay their eggs on the undersides of leaves overhanging a body of water so that when the eggs hatch, the tadpoles will fall into the water.
  • The lemur leaf frog lacks inter-digit webbing between its fingers and toes, which distinguishes it from its close relatives.