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Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Bald eagle
Bald eagleBald eagleBald eagleBald eagle

Personal Information
There is one male bald eagle, Abe, at the Seneca Park Zoo. Abe was born in 1991 and came to the Zoo in 1999. He suffered a wing injury in the wild and cannot fly.

Status in the Wild
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) status: Least concern. The great bird of prey was once is danger of extinction due to DDT pesticide and hunting. After years of efforts to preserve the species, on June 28, 2007, the Interior Department took the bald eagle off the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants. Conservation efforts of the United States’ national bird will continue under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act.

Bald eagles live in North America from Florida to Alaska. They roost in tall trees near clean, fish-filled water in undeveloped areas.

The bald eagle is carnivorous and eats fish, birds, rodents, snakes and carrion.

  • Bald eagles have a brown body and a snow-white head and tail, a feather coloration which is not attained until the bird turns 5.
  • The bald eagle builds the largest nest of any North American bird, up to 13-feet deep, 8-feet wide and 1 ton in weight.
  • “Bald” in the English name is derived from the word “piebald,” and refers to the white head and tail feathers in contrast to the darker body, not a state of being featherless.
  • A bald eagle has a 6- to 7-foot wingspan.