Spotted dikkop (Burhinus capensis)
There are two spotted dikkops (also known as Cape thicknee) that reside in the Zoo's Aviary, one male and one female. The male, born in 2010, arrived at the Zoo in 2011. The female was born in 2011 and arrived in 2012.
Status in the wild
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List status: Least concern. Spotted dikkops show a remarkable ability to adapt to habitats altered by humans and because they are no longer considered a gamebird, they are unlikely to face any general decline in population.
From sub-Saharan Africa, the spotted dikkop is mainly found in open, flat habitats of southern Africa. This species prefers dry grassland and savanna habitat, although it has been known to live in wetland areas and can be found in woodland fringes, low stony hills and urban habitats (parks, playing fields, etc.).
The spotted dikkop eats mostly insects; foraging for them by repeatedly running forward, stopping, then jabbing the prey with their bill. Spotted dikkops will eat a variety of different beetles, weevils, moths and butterflies. They will also eat small amphibians, small mammals, thread snakes and white-fronted plover eggs and chicks.
- The spotted dikkop can live up to 20 years in the wild.
- Within one breeding season, the spotted dikkop often has 2 to 3 broods.
- When threatened by a predator, young chicks will crouch down and remain motionless while the parent will pretend to have a broken wing, back or leg to distract the predator away from the chicks.