Emperor scorpion (Pandinus imperator)
The emperor scorpion is one of the largest scorpions in the world averaging up to 8 inches in length when full grown. The exoskeleton ranges in color from bluish black to brown. Emperor scorpions are arachnids just like spiders and as such their prosoma (front body section) is made up of four sections each with a corresponding pair of legs. Comb-like sensory structures called pectines (larger in males) can be found behind the fourth pair of legs and are thought aid in detecting vibrations.
Status in the wild
Due to their growing popularity as pets, the emperor scorpion is now listed under CITES Appendix II and are a threatened species.
Emperor scorpions can be found throughout tropical rainforests in coastal western Africa. Typically, they can be found hiding in burrows and under things like rocks, logs and tree roots.
Insects, small vertebrates.
- There are approximately 1400 different species of scorpions.
- The adult emperor scorpion will fluoresce (glow in the dark) under UV light. This is due to a protein in the cuticle layer of the exoskeleton.
- Emperor scorpions are social animals and have been observed living in colonies of up to 15 individuals.